Preventing Temper TantrumsIt's normal for a toddler to have temper tantrums. But you might be able to reduce the frequency, duration or intensity of your child's tantrums by following these parenting tips:
Know your child's limits. Your child might misbehave because he or she doesn't understand or can't do what you're asking.
Explain how to follow the rules. Instead of saying, "Stop hitting," offer suggestions for how to make play go more smoothly, such as "Why don't you two take turns?"
Take 'no' in stride. Don't overreact when your toddler says no. Instead, calmly repeat your request.
Pick your battles. Only say no when it's absolutely necessary.
Offer choices, when possible. Encourage your child's independence by letting him or her pick out a pair of pajamas or a bedtime story.
Avoid situations that might trigger frustration or tantrums.For example, don't give your child toys that are too advanced for him or her. Avoid long outings in which your child has to sit still or can't play — or bring along an activity. Also know that children are more likely to act out when they're tired, hungry, sick or in an unfamiliar setting.
Make it fun. Distract your child or make a game out of good behavior. Your child will be more likely to do what you want if you make an activity fun.
Stick to the schedule. Keep a daily routine so that your child will know what to expect.
Encourage good communication. Remind your child to use words to express his or her feelings. If your child isn't speaking yet, consider teaching him or her baby sign language to avoid frustration.
If your child has a tantrum, remain calm and distract him or her. Ignore minor displays of anger, such as crying — but if your child hits, kicks or screams for a prolonged period, remove him or her from the situation. Hold your child or give him or her time alone to cool down.